Lifestyle

Genetic factors involved in shaping composition of human gut microbiome, international research team finds

Human genes have an impact on shaping our gut ecosystem according to new evidence from the international MIBioGen consortium study involving more than 18,000 people. The findings, led by the University Medical Center Groningen, Netherlands and involving researchers at the University of Bristol, are published in Nature Genetics. The last decade has substantially broadened our […]

Lifestyle

Study finds national data may be underestimating illicit drug use in young people

A study published in Addiction suggests that the UK government’s current national population-based data may be understating illicit drug usage among young people by as much as 20 percent. Researchers from the University of Bristol compared data from the Crime Survey England and Wales (CSEW) with that of the Bristol-based longitudinal health study Children of […]

Lifestyle

Alzheimer’s: New research shows a leap forward in identifying neurons vulnerable to the disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a devastating condition that is currently unstoppable and incurable. The main cause of the disease is the loss of neurons and other brain cells in the brain—also know as degeneration. This degeneration is what leads to problems with memory and other cognitive functions. Researchers can tell which neurons die first or exhibit […]

Lifestyle

Support program suggests a reduction in preterm birth and infant mortality

New research suggests a unique program called Moms2B at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center shows a reduction in adverse pregnancy outcomes in communities disproportionately affected by these public health issues. The study, led by researchers Courtney Lynch and Erinn Hade and published in the Journal of Maternal and Child Health, indicates that women […]

Lifestyle

Eye tests predict Parkinson’s-linked cognitive decline 18 months ahead

Simple vision tests can predict which people with Parkinson’s disease will develop cognitive impairment and possible dementia 18 months later, according to a new study by UCL researchers. The study, published in Movement Disorders, adds to evidence that vision changes precede the cognitive decline that occurs in many, but not all, people with Parkinson’s. In […]

Lifestyle

A master cancer gene hijacks a ‘molecular crowbar’ to make breast cancer cells invasive

Researchers at the University of Helsinki have defined a cancer invasion machinery which is orchestrated by a frequently mutated cancer gene called Ras. When signaling from Ras protein becomes abnormally high, like it does in many cancers, this switches on the cellular machinery that helps the cancer cells to depart from the tissue from which […]